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What Is CBD?


When you enter the world of weed, you will be bombarded with two terms – CBD and THC. Comparatively, THC can be easily understood as it’s mainly associated with the psychoactive effects that come with cannabis use. Or in plain words, THC is responsible for the intoxicating high that most recreational users experience. But what about CBD? What exactly is CBD?

CBD is short for cannabidiol, which is a chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. The most important thing you need to know about CBD is that it doesn’t cause the “high” feeling, unlike THC

To learn more about this compound, its legality, CBD types, CBD benefits, and CBD side effects, you should read till the very end.

What Is CBD? How Is It Different From THC?

As you may already know, cannabis is a complex plant with over 540 compounds. Among them, the two most prevalent active compounds are THC and CBD. The main difference between THC and CBD is that CBD is a non-intoxicating compound that doesn’t cause a “high” by itself, while the former is primarily responsible for the euphoric feeling associated with the recreational use of cannabis.

CBD is present in all kinds of cannabis plants, including Indica and Sativa. However, the CBD that you find in the market, usually in the form of oils, gummies, capsules, topicals, etc., comes from the hemp plant

Now, what is hemp? Hemp is simply a specific type of cannabis sativa plant that contains no more than 0.3% THC (i.e., the legal cap on CBD). For this very reason, you may find a lot of information circulating on the internet stating that CBD comes from the cannabis Sativa plant, which basically means hemp (a.k.a. industrial hemp).

What Are The Types of CBD?

There are three types of CBD, namely:

Full-Spectrum CBD

This type of CBD product includes all the compounds of the cannabis plant, even THC. Though full-spectrum CBD contains small amounts of THC, it must still adhere to the legal standards, i.e., it should contain no more than 0.3% THC.

Broad-Spectrum CBD

Broad-spectrum CBD contains almost all compounds of the cannabis plant, except for THC. In some broad-spectrum CBD products, you may still find traces of THC. However, the amount is so little that it’s almost negligible. 

CBD Isolate

CBD isolate simply means pure CBD. This type doesn’t include any other cannabinoids or THC other than CBD. 

Is CBD Legal?

Yes, CBD is legal in most parts of the US, as well as in Canada. However, there is a condition. According to federal law, CBD is considered legal only on the grounds that it is obtained from plants that contain ≤ 0.3% THC. This is why hemp is considered the most lucrative and ideal option for deriving CBD, as it contains more CBD than any other cannabis plant and meets the ≤ 0.3% THC limit. On average, hemp contains as much as 18% CBD

In Canada, the Cannabis Act imposes several regulations on both marijuana and hemp. While the regulations might slightly differ in different provinces, you must be at least 19 years of age to legally buy cannabis products, including CBD, in Canada. Also, there is a limit on the quantity bought at a time, i.e., 30 grams of dried cannabis. However, currently, there are no specific regulations around the manufacture and sale of CBD products derived from hemp. Health Canada, the Federal department, is expected to amend the Cannabis Act to have more clear regulations on hemp by 2023.  

How Is CBD Extracted?

CBD is commonly extracted in oil form and usually mixed with an inert carrier oil such as hemp seed oil for consumption.

There are no specific methods for extracting CBD. It usually depends on the manufacturers. However, the most common method for extracting CBD is called the CO2 extraction method. Many cannabis experts consider this method the best option for producing high-quality CBD oil that retains its potency for an extended period. The only drawback is that CBD extracted from the C02 method tends to be expensive.

For decades, CO2 extraction method has been used as a safe and non-volatile extraction process in several industries, including cannabis, essential oils, coffee, etc. 

In laymen’s terms, CO2 extraction method uses pressurized carbon dioxide to pull out CBD from the plant. Once the extraction process is complete, “winterization” begins. During winterization, all unwanted elements and impurities (such as wax and fats) that go through the extraction process are removed. 

Benefits or Uses of CBD:

CBD is raved about in the cannabis community, especially among medical marijuana patients, for the many health benefits it may offers. Many consumers report that CBD has helped them treat various conditions such as chronic pain, insomnia, anxiety, and inflammation.

Besides, Forbes Health also lists several science-backed benefits of CBD like treating epilepsy, PTSD, opioid addiction, and alleviating ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) symptoms.

What Are the Side Effects of CBD Consumption?

Though largely considered safe, CBD may still show some potential side effects when consumed orally or applied topically. However, these side effects are usually mild and go away on their own. Some commonly reported side effects of CBD include drowsiness, fatigue, dry mouth, diarrhea, low blood pressure, and reduced appetite.

In some cases, CBD may also interact with other medications such as blood thinners and cause side effects.

Tier1 can meet your cannabis needs. Contact us today to speak with one of our representatives! 

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