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Quick guide: THC vs. CBD


With the growth and expansion of the cannabis industry, consumers are looking are more options for cannabis consumption.

If you are a newbie at cannabis, then there are two terms you need to know straight away-CBD and THC. Both of these substances have complementary and integrative health benefits.

In this guide, we will take a look at what CBD and THC are and compare their differences:

What is THC?

THC or tetrahydrocannabinol, in full form, is a substance found in cannabis and a psychoactive compound, among other compounds found in cannabis. This substance lets you experience the “high” strongly associated with smoking marijuana or consuming it in any form. The THC effect is the typical high you get when smoking or consuming cannabis sativa plants.

What is CBD?

CBD, or cannabidiol as it is known, is also a natural compound found in the cannabis plant. Unlike THC, hemp-derived CBD products don’t give you a high feeling; CBD is linked to experiences of well-being and relaxation. The therapeutic benefits can be achieved using CBD products like CBD oil and supplements.

What Are The Significant Differences Between CBD and THC?

Psychoactive compounds:

Although both compounds have the same chemical formula, the effects of both these compounds are widely different. While both compounds are psychoactive, CBD’s impact on the body and mind is entirely different from that of THC.

THC is linked with the recreational high that is associated with consuming marijuana. On the other hand, CBD does not cause the same high as THC but has more of a calming, therapeutic effect. This is the reason why CBD is mainly used in marijuana.

Medical benefits:

Both CBD and THC carry a lot of healing properties, and they are both used for recreational and medicinal purposes to help alleviate different symptoms of various disorders and diseases. The most common reason for marijuana is to relieve pain.

Experts will say that CBD is much preferred as opposed to THC when it comes to medical purposes because it has fewer side effects of that euphoric high than THC.

Many researchers have extensively used CBD to test its healing effects on diseases like MS and epilepsy. The FDA also approved the use of CBD as an oral drug that patients with epilepsy can take to reduce the occurrence of seizures.

THC can also be used to treat illnesses, but it mainly alleviates pain, anxiety, insomnia, nausea, and glaucoma. In contrast, CBD treats seizures, pain, inflammation, migraine, depression, anxiety, and other mental disorders associated with mood fluctuations.

Side effects:

The most significant difference between CBD and THC comes from how the body reacts to the substance. The receptors in your central nervous system respond differently to CBD and THC.

When you look at the side effects of consuming CBD, you will find that the body tolerates its effects much more easily than THC. Researchers found that CBD’s side effects mainly relate to its interactions with other pharmaceutical drugs that you might be taking along with the CBD drugs.

On the other hand, consuming cannabis with high THC content has many side effects. Some of the common side effects are red eyes, increased heart rate, slow reactions, dry mouth, and memory loss.

CBD side effects can be narrowed down to dizziness, changes in appetite, feeling fatigued, and weight loss.


Cannabis or marijuana, in essence, can be consumed in different ways. Some people prefer to smoke it, while others vape. You can also find it in edible form or as oils and gels.

Typically you will find that CBD is available in gels, gummies, CBD oils, and supplements since it is mainly used for medical purposes. You can also find CBD isolate products if you don’t want any THC in your cannabis.

On the other hand, THC is found in the form of smoke-able products, such as edibles typically baked into cakes, brownies or cookies, capsules, oils, and tinctures.


Before you decide to consume cannabis for whatever reason, you need to make sure that you know the possible side effects. Everyone is going to have their own experience when it comes to cannabis. It’s important to be informed and take everything into consideration before consuming cannabis. Always consume cannabis in moderation. It’s safer to start with less than see how you feel compared to taking too much. 

Tier1 is here to meet all your cannabis needs. Speak with our representatives today to learn more.

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